Knee Pain Overview
There is a high prevalence of knee problems. They might be so painful that they make it hard to do simple things like walking. You may experience this discomfort when bending your knee or consistently placing weight on it. However, there are treatments and methods for pain management that can remove or lessen these issues.
The location and intensity of knee pain might vary based on the underlying cause of the issue. The following signs and symptoms may accompany knee pain:
The components of your knee joint include bone, cartilage, ligaments, and fluid. Muscles and tendons aid in knee movement. When any of these components are injured, knee issues develop. The following are some of the most frequent reasons for knee pain:
Several nutritional supplements have shown promise for relieving pain, stiffness and other arthritis symptoms. Fish oil, SAM-e and curcumin are among the supplements with the best evidence to support them. The research on glucosamine and chondroitin, some of the most popular supplements for osteoarthritis, is mixed, but they may help with OA pain and stiffness.
2. Hyaluronic Acid
Injections of hyaluronic acid will not heal all painful knee ailments. Nevertheless, injections can be pretty helpful for osteoarthritis. Hyaluronic acid injections restore the synovial fluid of the knees, providing up to six months of pain alleviation.
Other painful knee diseases, such as ligament tears, tendonitis, and sprains, do not respond well to the therapy. Hyaluronic acid injections replenish the synovial fluid of your joints; they do not rebuild your tissue.
After receiving a cortisone injection may temporarily boost your blood sugar levels if you have diabetes.
4.Platelet-rich Plasma (PRP)
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections are an innovative method for treating knee osteoarthritis (OA)-related pain. Scientists are still investigating this idea.
Some PRP preparations have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). However, the use of PRP in knee OA is not yet supported. However, specific clinics may provide it “off-label.”
5. Stem Cell Therapy
Stem cell therapy has been hailed recently as a miracle cure for many conditions, from wrinkles to spinal cord injuries. Animal studies have shown that stem cell treatments for several diseases and conditions, including cardiac problems, Parkinson’s, and muscular dystrophy, have positive effects on the host.
Knee osteoarthritis (OA) might potentially be treated with stem cell treatment in early stage. In OA, the cartilage that covers the bone ends begins to degrade and wear away. As the bones lose their protective coating, they begin to rub together. This finally results in friction causing discomfort, pain, stiffness, loss of function and deformity.
Consistent physical activity, healthy eating, medication, and alterations in lifestyle are effective for many in controlling their symptoms.
Complications and Prevention
However, if you ignore the pain and joint degeneration caused by knee injuries or disorders like osteoarthritis, you may be unable to do what you formerly enjoyed. And having a knee injury, even a slight one, increases the likelihood that your problem will deteriorate further necessitating surgery.
Various medical conditions, including arthritis, gout, and infections, can also contribute to knee pain. Numerous forms of mild knee discomfort respond favorably to self-care. Physical therapy and knee braces can also provide pain relief.
Injuries or deterioration of bone or cartilage can cause bone or cartilage fragments to break off and float in the joint space. This may not cause any issues until the loose body interferes with knee joint mobility, which is comparable to a pencil stuck in a door hinge.
When the rough band of tissue that runs from the outside of the hip to the outside of the knee (iliotibial band) is pulled so tightly that it scrapes on the outside portion of the thigh bone, a painful condition known as iliotibial band syndrome can occur. Runners of long distances and bikers are particularly prone to iliotibial band syndrome.
Consultant Orthopaedic & Sports Injuries
KMI Taman Desa Medical Centre